Metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in extracellular matrix remodelling and regulatory signalling during chronic inflammatory states such as atherosclerosis formation. However, the sources and mediators of MMP upregulation need clarification. We investigated whether proinflammatory mouse T helper type 1 (Th1) lymphocytes are more active in MMP secretion than naïve Th0 or anti-inflammatory Th2 phenotypes, in the absence of specific antigenic stimulation, under baseline conditions and after contact with irradiated macrophages. We also compared the effect of Th0, Th1 or Th2 lymphocyte-conditioned medium and irradiated lymphocytes on MMP production from macrophages. Finally, we investigated whether CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) interactions were involved in T-cell-stimulated MMP secretion from macrophages. Under baseline conditions, MMP-2 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels were greater in Th1 than Th0 or Th2 lymphocytes; MMP-9 mRNA, but not protein, was also upregulated. In the presence of irradiated macrophages MMP-2 and MMP-9 production from Th1 and Th2 was greater than from Th0 lymphocytes. Conditioned media from Th1 but not Th0 or Th2 cells increased MMP-9 secretion from macrophages. Irradiated Th1 lymphocytes stimulated both MMP-2 and MMP-9 secretion from macrophages more than irradiated Th2 or Th0 cells; this activation was independent of CD40-CD40L interaction. These findings demonstrate for the first time greater MMP secretion by Th1 than Th2 or Th0 lymphocytes and their greater ability to upregulate macrophage MMP secretion in the absence of specific antigenic stimulation. These mechanisms could promote matrix turnover in inflammatory states and, for example, promote atherosclerotic plaque rupture.
|Translated title of the contribution||Comparison of MMP-2 and MMP-9 secretion from T helper 0, 1 and 2 lymphocytes alone and in coculture with macrophages|
|Pages (from-to)||42 - 50|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - May 2008|