Compression after impact assessment of self-healing CFRP

Gareth J Williams, Ian P Bond, Richard S Trask

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

103 Citations (Scopus)


The development of advanced fibre-reinforced polymer’s (FRP’s) to achieve performance improvements in engineering structures focuses on the exploitation of the excellent specific strength and stiffness that they offer. However, the planar nature of an FRP’s microstructure results in relatively poor performance under impact loading. Furthermore, significant degradation in material performance can be experienced with minimal visual indication of damage being present, a scenario termed Barely Visible Impact Damage (BVID). Current damage tolerant design philosophies incorporate large margins to account for reduction in structural performance due to impact events, resulting in overweight and inefficient structures. An alternative approach to mitigate impact damage sensitivity can be achieved by imparting the ability for these materials to undergo self-healing. Self-healing composites would allow lighter, more efficient structures and would also offer a potentially substantive increase in design allowables and reduction in maintenance and inspection schedules and their associated costs. This paper considers the development of autonomic self-healing within a carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP), and demonstrates the significant strength recovery (>90%) possible when a resin filled hollow glass fibre system is distributed at specific interfaces within a laminate, minimising the reduction in mechanical properties whilst maximising the efficiency of the healing event.
Translated title of the contributionCompression after impact assessment of self-healing CFRP
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1399 - 1406
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Elsevier
Other: Special Issue on Repair

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