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Computed tomography in children with community-acquired pneumonia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • Savvas Andronikou
  • Pierre Goussard
  • Erich Sorantin
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1431-1440
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume47
Issue number11
Early online date21 Sep 2017
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 4 May 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 21 Sep 2017
DatePublished (current) - Nov 2017

Abstract

Diagnostic imaging plays a significant role in both the diagnosis and treatment of complications of pneumonia in children and chest radiography is the imaging modality of choice. Computed tomography (CT) on the other hand, is not currently a first-line imaging tool for children with suspected uncomplicated community-acquired pneumonia and is largely reserved for when complications of pneumonia are suspected or there is difficulty in differentiating pneumonia from other pathology. This review outlines the situations where CT needs to be considered in children with pneumonia, describes the imaging features of the parenchymal and pleural complications of pneumonia, discusses how CT may have a wider role in developing countries where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis are prevalent, makes note of the role of CT scanning for identifying missed foreign body aspiration and, lastly, addresses radiation concerns.

    Research areas

  • Children, Computed tomography, Empyema, Lung, Lung abscess, Necrotizing pneumonia, Pneumonia

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Springer at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00247-017-3891-0 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 7.06 MB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY

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