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The BcgI endonuclease exemplifies a subset of restriction enzymes, the Type IIB class, which make two double-strand breaks (DSBs) at each copy of their recognition sequence, one either side of the site, to excise the sequence from the remainder of the DNA. In this study, we show that BcgI is essentially inactive when bound to a single site and that to cleave a DNA with one copy of its recognition sequence, it has to act in trans, bridging two separate DNA molecules. We also show that BcgI makes the two DSBs at an individual site in a highly concerted manner. Intermediates cut on one side of the site do not accumulate during the course of the reaction: instead, the DNA is converted straight to the final products cut on both sides. On DNA with two sites, BcgI bridges the sites in cis and then generally proceeds to cut both strands on both sides of both sites without leaving the DNA. The BcgI restriction enzyme can thus excise two DNA segments together, by cleaving eight phosphodiester bonds within a single-DNA binding event.
|Translated title of the contribution||Concerted action at eight phosphodiester bonds by the BcgI restriction endonuclease|
|Pages (from-to)||7630 - 7640|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Nucleic Acids Research|
|Publication status||Published - May 2011|