Conditional estimation for dependent functional data

HS Battey, A Sancetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Suppose we observe a Markov chain taking values in a functional space. We are interested in exploiting the time series dependence in these infinite dimensional data in order to make non-trivial predictions about the future. Making use of the Karhunen–Loève (KL) representation of functional random variables in terms of the eigenfunctions of the covariance operator, we present a deliberately over-simplified nonparametric model, which allows us to achieve dimensionality reduction by considering one dimensional nearest neighbour (NN) estimators for the transition distribution of the random coefficients of the KL expansion. Under regularity conditions, we show that the NN estimator is consistent even when the coefficients of the KL expansion are estimated from the observations. This also allows us to deduce the consistency of conditional regression function estimators for functional data. We show via simulations and two empirical examples that the proposed NN estimator outperforms the state of the art when data are generated both by the functional autoregressive (FAR) model of Bosq (2000) [8] and by more general data generating mechanisms.
Translated title of the contributionConditional estimation for dependent functional data
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Multivariate Analysis
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

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