Conflict and kala-azar: determinants of adverse outcomes of kala-azar among patients in southern Sudan

S Collin, R Davidson, K Ritmeijer, K Keus, Y Melaku, S Kipngetich, C Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

134 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyzed data obtained from 3365 patients with kala-azar (KA) or post-KA dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) treated by Medecins Sans Frontieres-Holland in south Sudan from October 1998-May 2002. Patients were malnourished (median body mass index [BMI], 15.5; median weight for height [WFH], 75.5%) and anemic (median hemoglobin (Hb) level, 8.5 g/dL). The proportion of patients with primary KA who were children 850 mg per day did not decrease the chances of survival. Risk factors for death among adults were age > or =45 years (odds ratio [OR], 4.6), malnutrition (BMI, or =5 months; OR, 2.3). Risk factors for death among children and adolescents were age
Translated title of the contributionConflict and kala-azar: determinants of adverse outcomes of kala-azar among patients in southern Sudan
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)612 - 619
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume38
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

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