Conformational preference in aromatic amides bearing chiral ortho substituents: Its origin and application to relayed stereocontrol

Mark S. Betson, Jonathan Clayden*, Madeleine Helliwell, Paul Johnson, Lai Wah Lai, Jennifer H. Pink, Christopher C. Stimson, Neoclis Vassiliou, Neil Westlund, Samreen A. Yasin, Latifa H. Youssef

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tertiary aromatic amides bearing stereogenic centres ortho to the amide group may adopt two diastereoisomeric conformations which interconvert slowly on the NMR timescale at ambient temperature, and are therefore detectable by NMR. Certain classes of stereogenic centre - particularly sulfoxides, ephedrine-derived oxazolidines, and proline-derived imidazolidines - strongly bias the population of the two conformers. We propose a model, supported by molecular mechanics calculations, which rationalises the sense and magnitude of the conformational selectivity attained in terms of the steric and electronic properties of the controlling centre. The control over conformation may be exploited either by trapping the favoured conformer as an atropisomer, or by using it to relay information about the stereochemistry of the controlling centre.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-443
Number of pages20
JournalOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
Volume4
Issue number3
Early online date23 Nov 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2006

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Conformational preference in aromatic amides bearing chiral ortho substituents: Its origin and application to relayed stereocontrol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this