Conjugate fault deformation revealed by aftershocks of the 2013 Mw6.6 Lushan earthquake and seismic anisotropy tomography

Ying Liu, Haijiang Zhang*, Michael Kendall, James Wookey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Seismic anisotropy is sensitive to the alignment of minerals, fluid-filled cracks and fractures caused by fault deformation, thus providing a signature of fault deformation, especially in the aseismic layer. In this study, we use seismic traveltime anisotropy tomography to study the spatial distribution of azimuthal anisotropy in the region of the 2013 Mw 6.6 Lushan earthquake. Our analysis reveals both stress-induced and structure-controlled seismic anisotropy mechanisms. The distribution of seismicity and anisotropy clearly delineates conjugate faults in the seismogenic zone between depths of 8 and 15 km. Two near-vertical stripes or zones of strong seismic anisotropy reveal the continuation of these faults into the diagenetic or overlying aseismic crust. The anisotropic corridors associated with the conjugate faults are interpreted in terms of the crystal preferred orientation of fault rock minerals, which may be enhanced by shear-band compaction. Our results demonstrate how seismic anisotropy can provide new insights into fault deformation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Early online date3 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Jul 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Conjugate fault deformation revealed by aftershocks of the 2013 Mw6.6 Lushan earthquake and seismic anisotropy tomography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this