Aims. Temperature preconditioning (TP) provides very powerful protection against ischaemia / reperfusion. Understanding the signalling pathways involved may enable the development of effective pharmacological cardioprotection. We investigated the interrelationship between activation of protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C (PKC) in the signalling mechanisms of TP, and developed a potent pharmacological intervention based on this mechanism. Methods and Results. Isolated rat hearts were subjected to TP, 30 min global ischaemia and 60 min reperfusion. Other control and TP hearts were perfused with either sotalol (β-adrenergic blocker) or H-89 (PKA inhibitor). Some hearts were pre-treated with either isoproterenol (β-adrenergic agonist), adenosine (PKC activator), given alone, simultaneously or sequentially. Pre-treatment with isoproterenol, adenosine and the consecutive isoproterenol/adenosine treatment was also combined with the PKC inhibitor chelerythrine. Cardioprotection was evaluated by haemodynamic function recovery, lactate dehydrogenase release, measurement of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening and protein carbonylation during reperfusion. Cyclic AMP and PKA activity were increased in TP hearts. H-89 and sotalol blocked the cardioprotective effect of TP and TP-induced PKC activation. Isoproterenol, adenosine and the consecutive treatment increased PKC activity during preischaemia. Isoproterenol significantly reduced myocardial glycogen content. Isoproterenol and adenosine, alone or simultaneously protected hearts but the consecutive treatment gave the highest protection. Cardioprotective effects of adenosine were completely blocked by chelerythrine but those of the consecutive treatment only attenuated. Conclusions. The signal transduction pathway of TP involves PKA activation that precedes PKC activation. Pharmacologically induced consecutive PKA/PKC activation mimics TP and induces extremely potent cardioprotection.
|Translated title of the contribution||Consecutive pharmacological activation of PKA and PKC mimics the potent carioprotection of temperature preconditioning|
|Pages (from-to)||324 - 333|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2010|