Constant yield displacement procedure for seismic evaluation of existing structures

Anastasios Tsiavos*, Božidar Stojadinović

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
197 Downloads (Pure)


The starting point of the proposed procedure for seismic evaluation of existing structures is that the yield displacement of a structure in flexure is constant and that it depends only on the yield strain of the yielding material and the geometrical characteristics of the structure, not on the yield strength of that structure. The fundamental vibration period of the structure is, thus the dependent variable derived from the estimated yield strength and yield displacement of the structure. To facilitate an evaluation of the maximum inelastic deformation of an existing structure using a corresponding single-degree-of-freedom system approach, a new relation between the yield strength (defined using a new yield strength reduction factor) and the displacement ductility demand of a corresponding single-degree-of-freedom system is proposed. This relation is consistent with the constant yield displacement assumption and characterizes the relevant properties of the structure using the yield strain of its yield material, its aspect ratio and its size. The proposed Constant-Yield-Displacement-Evaluation (CYDE) procedure for seismic evaluation of existing structures has four steps. Given an existing structure, its seismic hazard environment, and an estimate of its strength, the CYDE procedure estimates the displacement ductility demand, i.e. the maximum inelastic displacement, the structure may experience at the examined seismic hazard levels. The proposed CYDE evaluation procedure is similar to the current constant-period procedures, but provides a more realistic estimate of the displacement ductility demand for stiff structures, enabling a more accurate seismic assessment of numerous existing structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2137-2164
Number of pages28
JournalBulletin of Earthquake Engineering
Issue number4
Early online date14 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2019


  • Constant yield displacement
  • Displacement-based method
  • Seismic evaluation


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