The prediction of the stress relaxation behaviour of welding induced residual stresses in thick section 316H austenitic stainless steel welded component provides an input for quantifying reheat crack initiation observed in the heat affected zone. The cracks occur after service at a temperature range from 490ºC to 520ºC. The present work reviews some of the widely applied stress relaxation models. The relative strengths and weaknesses of these existing models are discussed. An improved constitutive equation derived from a forward uniaxial creep deformation law is proposed. The relative importance of the parameters selected in the new constitutive model, when compared with experimental data, is discussed. The importance of a better understanding of the role of the internal stress and its measurement is highlighted.
|Translated title of the contribution||Constitutive equations that describe creep stress relaxation for 316H stainless steel at 550°C|
|Pages (from-to)||155 - 164|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Materials at High Temperature|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2011|