Constitutive equations that describe creep stress relaxation for 316H stainless steel at 550 degrees C

Bo Chen*, David J. Smith, Peter E. J. Flewitt, Michael W. Spindler, David J Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

9 Citations (Scopus)


The prediction of the stress relaxation behaviour of welding induced residual stresses in thick section 316H austenitic stainless steel welded component provides an input for quantifying reheat crack initiation observed in the heat affected zone. The cracks occur after service at a temperature range from 490 to 520 degrees C. The present work reviews some of the widely applied stress relaxation models. The relative strengths and weaknesses of these existing models are discussed. An improved constitutive equation derived from a forward uniaxial creep deformation law is proposed. The relative importance of the parameters selected in the new constitutive model, when compared with experimental data, is discussed. The importance of a better understanding of the role of the internal stress and its measurement is highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials at High Temperatures
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011


  • stress relaxation
  • CELL
  • 316H austenitic stainless steel
  • internal stress
  • creep deformation
  • constitutive equations
  • primary creep

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