Constructions and Noise Threshold of Hyperbolic Surface Codes

Nikolas P. Breuckmann, Barbara M. Terhal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


We show how to obtain concrete constructions of homological quantum codes based on tilings of 2-D surfaces with constant negative curvature (hyperbolic surfaces). This construction results in 2-D quantum codes whose tradeoff of encoding rate versus protection is more favorable than for the surface code. These surface codes would require variable length connections between qubits, as determined by the hyperbolic geometry. We provide numerical estimates of the value of the noise threshold and logical error probability of these codes against independent X or Z noise, assuming noise-free error correction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7456305
Pages (from-to)3731-3744
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 IEEE.


  • hyperbolic surfaces
  • Quantum error correction
  • surface code


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