Consumer electronics application and coverage constraints using Bluetooth and proposed Bluetooth evolution technologies

AK Arumugam, SMD Armour, BS Lee, MF Tariq, AR Nix

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18 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper considers issues such as residential coverage and achievable bit rate using the Bluetooth Personal Area Network (PAN) standard. Link budget analysis is performed by combining detailed link level physical layer simulations with site specific power predictions from a state-of-the-art indoor propagation model. Assuming a ImW transmit unit, coverage plots are generated at 2.4 GHz for an example single and multi-storey residential environment. The investigation considers Bluetooth data medium (OM) and data high (DH) packet types. Results for the transmission of symmetric asynchronous data link (ACL) packets are used to discuss the bit rate capabilities of various time-bounded and non-time bounded Bluetooth enabled consumer electronic devices. To meet the bit rate needs of future consumer electronic devices, QPSK, 16- QAM and 64-QAM are proposed as possible enhancements to the current GFSK mode. Using physical layer simulations, the coverage and data rate performance of these new modes are analysed and compared with those of standard Bluetooth. The use of linear receive architectures and coherent modulation, although adding signifcantly to the unit cost, is shown to signifcantly improve radio sensitivity. Results indicate that high bit rate QAM operation is now possible over an extended coverage area.
Translated title of the contributionConsumer electronics application and coverage constraints using bluetooth and proposed bluetooth evolution technologies
Original languageEnglish
Article numberIssue 3
Pages (from-to)283 - 293
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rose publication type: Journal article

Sponsorship: A.K. Arumugam and B.S. Lee wish to thank the Overseas Research Scholarship (ORs), UK for the financial support provided in funding this work. In addition, A.K. Arumugam also wishes to thank the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), UK for the financial support provided by the Robinson Research Fellowship fund.

Terms of use: Copyright © 2001 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Bristol's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to

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  • Bluetooth
  • Personal Area Network


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