Continuum simulation of the discharge of the granular silo A validation test for the mu(I) visco-plastic flow law

L. Staron*, P. -Y. Lagree, S. Popinet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using a continuum Navier-Stokes solver with the mu(I) flow law implemented to model the viscous behavior, and the discrete Contact Dynamics algorithm, the discharge of granular silos is simulated in two dimensions from the early stages of the discharge until complete release of the material. In both cases, the Beverloo scaling is recovered. We first do not attempt a quantitative comparison, but focus on the qualitative behavior of velocity and pressure at different locations in the flow. A good agreement for the velocity is obtained in the regions of rapid flows, while areas of slow creep are not entirely captured by the continuum model. The pressure field shows a general good agreement, while bulk deformations are found to be similar in both approaches. The influence of the parameters of the mu(I) flow law is systematically investigated, showing the importance of the dependence on the inertial number I to achieve quantitative agreement between continuum and discrete discharge. However, potential problems involving the systems size, the configuration and "non-local" effects, are suggested. Yet the general ability of the continuum model to reproduce qualitatively the granular behavior is found to be very encouraging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Physical Journal E
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • DISCRETE-ELEMENT
  • ADAPTIVE SOLVER
  • HOPPERS
  • MODEL
  • ORIFICES
  • PRESSURE
  • RHEOLOGY
  • STRESS

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