Objective: To examine whether a single repeat prostate-specific antigen (PSA) helps discriminate cancer from non–cancer-related PSA elevation. Methods: Men aged 50–70 yr (n = 54,087) in a multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing treatments for localised prostate cancer were tested. A total of 4102 (7.6%) with an initial PSA in the range of 3–19.9 ng/ml had repeat measurement (median interval: 50 d) followed by prostate biopsy. The decision to biopsy was based on the first PSA level. The outcome was whether prostate cancer was present on biopsy. Results: Men with a 20% drop in PSA had a lower risk of cancer (odds ratio [OR] = 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.35–0.52; p <0.001) and high-grade cancer (OR = 0.29; 95%CI, 0.19–0.44; p <0.001) compared to the rest of the cohort. The effect of percentage reduction was greater in men aged 60 yr than in those >60 yr. (OR for any cancer = 1.6; 95%CI, 1.0–2.4; p = 0.05; OR for high-grade cancer = 2.9; 95%CI, 1.2–6.7; p = 0.014). This equated to a risk reduction of high-grade cancer from 4% to 0.5%, 6% to 2%, and 15% to 2% in men 60 yr with an initial PSA of 3.0–3.99, 4.0–5.99, and 6 ng/ml, respectively. No level of repeat PSA confidently predicted absence of cancer. Conclusion: Following an initial PSA of 3.0–19.99 ng/ml in men aged 50–70 yr, repeat PSA within 7 wk allows more accurate risk prediction that may assist in the decision-making as to whether or not to proceed with prostate biopsy.
|Translated title of the contribution||Contribution of a single repeat PSA test to prostate cancer risk assessment - experience from the ProtecT Study|
|Pages (from-to)||777 - 784|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2008|
Bibliographical notePublisher: Elsevier
- BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)