Control issues relating to real-time substructuring experiments using a shaking table

SA Neild, DP Stoten, D Drury, DJ Wagg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)


Real-time substructuring is a method of dynamically testing a structure without experimentally testing a physical model of the entire system. Instead the structure can be split into two linked parts, the region of particular interest, which is tested experimentally, and the remainder which is tested numerically. A transfer system, such as a hydraulic actuator or a shaking table, is used to impose the displacements at the interface between the two parts on the experimental substructure. The corresponding force imposed by the substructure on the transfer system is fed back to the numerical model. Control of the transfer system is critical to the accuracy of the substructuring process. A study of two controllers used in conjunction with the University of Bristol shaking table is presented here. A proof-of-concept one degree-of-freedom mass-spring-damper system is substructured such that a portion of the mass forms the experimental substructure and the remainder of the mass plus the spring and the damper is modelled numerically. Firstly a linear controller is designed and tested. Following this an adaptive substructuring strategy is considered, based on the minimal control synthesis algorithm. The deleterious effect of oil-column resonance common to shaking tables is examined and reduced through the use of filters. The controlled response of the experimental specimen is compared for the two control strategies.
Translated title of the contributionControl issues relating to real-time substructuring experiments using a shaking table
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1171 - 1192
Number of pages22
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Volume34 (9)
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005

Bibliographical note

Publisher: John Wiley

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