Controlling Clusters of Colloidal Platelets: The Effects of Edge and Face Surface Chemistries on the Behaviour of Montmorillonite Suspensions

William J Ganley, Jeroen S Van Duijneveldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The structural and rheological consequences of adsorbing pyrophosphate anions to the edges and polyetheramines to the faces of montmorillonite platelets in aqueous suspension were investigated. Oscillatory rheology and scattering experiments showed that the two surface treatments act in different regions of the phase diagram and that this can be attributed to modifications of local particle interactions resulting in changes to the behaviour and morphology of platelet clusters. The polyetheramine was found to neutralise surface charge, reducing electrostatic repulsion between platelets and therefore allowing them to come into closer proximity. This reduces the effective volume fraction of the clusters and reverses jamming in low ionic strength arrested phases. Conversely, the adsorption of pyrophosphate was found to introduce a high concentration of negative charge to the particle edge, resisting the formation of bonded percolating gels at high ionic strength. The two separate surface chemistries can be applied in parallel with no adverse effects and thus have the potential to be applied to dual functionalisation of two dimensional colloids such as platelets. This has implications for finer formulation design where targeted rheology modification could be achieved by careful selection of chemistry at one surface accompanied by an additional function at the other.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4377-4385
Number of pages9
JournalLangmuir
Volume31
Issue number15
Early online date27 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2015

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