Controlling the assembly of coiled-coil peptide nanotubes

Franziska Thomas, Natasha C. Burgess, Andrew R. Thomson, Derek N. Woolfson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
520 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

An ability to control the assembly of peptide nanotubes (PNTs) would provide biomaterials for applications in nanotechnology and synthetic biology. Recently, we presented a modular design for PNTs using α-helical barrels with tunable internal cavities as building blocks. These first-generation designs thicken beyond single PNTs. Herein we describe strategies for controlling this lateral association, and also for the longitudinal assembly. We show that PNT thickening is pH sensitive, and can be reversed under acidic conditions. Based on this, repulsive charge interactions are engineered into the building blocks leading to the assembly of single PNTs at neutral pH. The building blocks are modified further to produce covalently linked PNTs via native chemical ligation, rendering ca. 100 nm-long nanotubes. Finally, we show that small molecules can be sequestered within the interior lumens of single PNTs. Thick to thin: The assembly in coiled-coil peptide nanotubes (PNTs) can be controlled. Arrays of hexameric coiled-coil PNTs can be reversibly disassembled by acidification. Accordingly, repulsive-charge interactions engineered into the coiled-coil units result in the formation of single PNTs at neutral pH. Non-covalent or covalent linkage by native chemical ligation can be used to vary the stability of, and small-molecule encapsulation by, the resulting PNTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-991
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume55
Issue number3
Early online date14 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2016

Structured keywords

  • Bristol BioDesign Institute
  • BrisSynBio

Keywords

  • native chemical ligation
  • peptide nanotubes
  • self-assembly
  • transmission electron microscopy
  • α-helical barrels

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