Controls on stable isotope and trace metal uptake in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) from an Antarctic sea-ice environment

Katharine R. Hendry*, Rosalind E. M. Rickaby, Michael P. Meredith, Henry Elderfield

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The polar foraminifera Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) dominates assemblages from the high latitude Southern Ocean, which plays a key role in determining past climate due to the tight linkage between Antarctic temperature and atmospheric CO(2). Here, we use N. pachyderma (s.) harvested from sediment traps off the West Antarctic Peninsula to construct a seasonal time series for the calibration of calcite proxies in a high latitude seasonal sea-ice environment where temperature is decoupled from other environmental parameters. We have used a combination of delta(18)O(CaCO3) and delta (13)(CaCO3) to decipher the calcification temperature and salinity, which reflect that N. pachyderma (s.) live in surface waters throughout the year, and at the ice-water interface in austral winter. Further, our results demonstrate that the uptake of trace metals into N. pachydenna (s.) calcite is influenced by secondary environmental conditions in addition to temperature during periods of sea-ice cover. We propose an elevated carbonate ion concentration at the ice-ater interface resulting from biological utilisation Of CO(2) could influence calcification in foraminifera. Our calculations suggest that for N. pachyderma (s.) Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca ratios and Li/Ca ratios are linear functions of calcification temperature and [CO(3)(2-)]. N. pachyderma (s.) Mg/Ca ratios exhibit temperature sensitivity similar to previous studies (similar to 10-20%/degrees C) and a sensitivity to [CO(3)(2-)] of similar to 1%/mu mol kg(-1). Sr/Ca ratios are less sensitive to environmental parameters, exhibiting similar to 5% increase/degrees C and similar to 0.5%/10 mu mol kg(-1). The relationship between Li/Ca ratios and both temperature and [CO(3)(2-)] is less significant with similar to 10% increase in Li/Ca ratio/degrees C and 10 mu mol kg(-1). We show how a multi-proxy approach could be used to constrain past high latitude surface water temperature and [CO(3)(2-)] (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume278
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2009

Keywords

  • CARBON
  • LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM
  • carbonate ion
  • PLANKTONIC-FORAMINIFERA
  • SURFACE TEMPERATURE
  • ATLANTIC SECTOR
  • isotopes
  • SOUTHERN-OCEAN
  • sea-ice
  • FORAMINIFERAL MG/CA RATIOS
  • MARGUERITE BAY
  • N. pachyderma
  • WEDDELL SEA
  • INTERGLACIAL CHANGES
  • trace metals

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