Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling

Dan Smith, Philip Schlaepfer, Katie Major, Mark Dyble, Abigail E. Page, James Thompson, Nikhil Chaudhary, Gul Deniz Salali, Ruth Mace, Leonora Astete, Marilyn Ngales, Lucio Vinicius, Andrea Bamberg Migliano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)
426 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Storytelling is a human universal. From gathering around the camp-fire telling tales of ancestors to watching the latest television box-set, humans are inveterate producers and consumers of stories. Despite its ubiquity, little attention has been given to understanding the function and evolution of storytelling. Here we explore the impact of storytelling on hunter-gatherer cooperative behaviour and the individual-level fitness benefits to being a skilled storyteller. Stories told by the Agta, a Filipino hunter-gatherer population, convey messages relevant to coordinating behaviour in a foraging ecology, such as cooperation, sex equality and egalitarianism. These themes are present in narratives from other foraging societies. We also show that the presence of good storytellers is associated with increased cooperation. In return, skilled storytellers are preferred social partners and have greater reproductive success, providing a pathway by which group-beneficial behaviours, such as storytelling, can evolve via individual-level selection. We conclude that one of the adaptive functions of storytelling among hunter-gatherers may be to organise cooperation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1853
Number of pages9
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Behavioral ECOLOGY
  • biological anthropology
  • cultural evolution
  • social anthropology

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