Coordination of Multiple Energy Storage Units in a Low-Voltage Distribution Network

Lei Wang, Daniel H. Liang, Andrew F. Crossland, Philip C. Taylor, Darren Jones, Neal S. Wade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


A method for the coordination of multiple battery energy storage systems (BESSs) is proposed for voltage control in low-voltage distribution networks (LVDNs). The main objective of this method is to solve over-voltage problems with multiple suitably sized energy storage systems. The performance of coordinated control is compared with noncoordinated control using both a real-time digital simulator and a MATLAB model of a real U.K. LVDN with a high installed capacity of solar photovoltaics. This is used to show that coordinated control is robust and effective at preventing voltage rise problems in LVDNs. The proposed coordinated control scheme is able to use the BESSs more evenly, and therefore reduces the costs of battery replacement to the storage operator in terms of both number of batteries and maintenance visits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7172552
Pages (from-to)2906-2918
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Battery energy storage systems (BESSs)
  • coordinated voltage control
  • distributed generation
  • low-voltage distribution network (LVDN)
  • real-time digital simulator

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