Core information set for informed consent to surgery for oral or oropharyngeal cancer: A mixed-methods study

Barry Main*, Angus McNair, Simon Haworth, Leila Rooshenas, C W Hughes, P Tierney, Jenny Donovan, Steve Thomas, Jane Blazeby

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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Objectives: To develop a core information set for informed consent to surgery for oral/oropharyngeal surgery. A core information set is baseline information rated important by patients and surgeons and is intended to improve patients' understanding of the intended procedure. Design: A mixed-methods study. Systematic reviews of scientific and written healthcare literature, qualitative interviews and observations, Delphi surveys, and group consensus meetings identified information domains of importance for consent. Setting: A regional head and neck clinic in the United Kingdom. Questionnaire participants were recruited from around the UK. Participants: Patients about to undergo, or who had previously undergone, surgery for oral/oropharyngeal cancer. Healthcare professionals involved in the management of head and neck cancer. Main outcome measures: The main outcome was a core information set. Results: Systematic reviews, interviews and consultation observations yielded 887 pieces of information that were categorised into 87 information domains. Survey response rates were 67% (n = 50) and 71% (n = 52) for patient and healthcare professional groups in round one. More than 90% responded in each group in the second round. Healthcare professionals were more likely to rate information about short-term or peri-operative events as important while patients rated longer term issues about survival and quality of life. The consensus-building process resulted in an agreed core information set of 13 domains plus two procedure-specific domains about tracheostomy and free-flap surgery. Conclusion: This study produced a core information set for surgeons and patients to discuss before surgery for oral/oropharyngeal cancer. Future work will optimise ways to integrate core information into routine consultations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-631
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Otolaryngology
Issue number2
Early online date27 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research


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  • ConDuCT-II

    Blazeby, J.


    Project: Research

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