Coronary collateral circulation: effect on early and midterm outcomes after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

M Caputo, RR Anis, CA Rogers, N Ahmad, SIA Rizvi, A Baumbach, KR Karsch, G Angelini, MA Oberhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bristol Heart Institute, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, United Kingdom. m.caputo@bris.ac.uk BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic effect of coronary collaterals on early and midterm clinical outcomes in patients undergoing first time isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. METHODS: Preoperative angiograms from 861 patients were evaluated to assess the presence and extent of coronary collaterals (Rentrop classification). Coronary collaterals (CC) were present in 485 (56.3%) patients (CC group). Patients with coronary collaterals had a higher incidence of preoperative myocardial infarction, lower ejection fraction, and higher Parsonnet scores compared with patients without coronary collaterals (no-CC group). RESULTS: Coronary collaterals were associated with myocardial protection during OPCAB surgery, as evidenced by a significantly lower incidence of intraoperative ST-segment changes (propensity matched cohort, p = 0.008). No other statistically significant differences in in-hospital outcomes were detected between the two groups. Five years after surgery patient survival was 84.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 79.4 to 88.8) in the CC group compared with 89.2% (95% CI 84.4 to 92.6) in the no-CC group (p = 0.48). Cardiac-related event-free survival after 5 years was 50.6% (95% CI 43.5 to 57.3) in the CC group and 54.5% (95% CI 47.1 to 61.4) in the no-CC group (p = 0.96), with no significant differences between both groups, before or after risk adjustment, or when comparing propensity-matched cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Although patients with coronary collaterals had more extensive coronary artery disease, poor left ventricular function, and more cardiac risk factors than patients without collaterals, the early and midterm clinical outcome after OPCAB surgery was comparable between the two groups.
Translated title of the contributionCoronary collateral circulation: effect on early and midterm outcomes after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71 - 79
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume85(1)
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Structured keywords

  • BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)

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