Correlation of Dynamic Surface Tension with Sedimentation of PTFE Particles and Water Penetration in Powders

Vidhi Shah, Bhavesh Bharatiya*, Dinesh O. Shah, Tulsi Mukherjee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamic surface tension of aqueous poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) [(PEO-PPO-PEO)]-type polymeric surfactant (P103, P105, F108, P123, and F127) solutions were correlated with water penetration in packed Teflon powders, the sedimentation of Teflon suspensions in these solutions, foamability, and contact angle measurements on a Teflon surface. The DST trend with bubble lifetime indicated that the overall slowdown in the diffusion process in aqueous solutions is a function of a higher poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) molecular weight for a given series of block copolymers containing equal PPO molecular weights, favoring slower diffusion kinetics to the air-water interface caused by preferential partitioning in bulk water. The wettability of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) powder illustrates better water penetration for polymers with low molecular weight and lower HLB values. The wettability of F127 solutions decreases with corresponding increases in concentration resulting from higher viscosity, which restrains the diffusion kinetics at the PTFE-water interface. The foamability decreases drastically with higher PEO molecular weight as attributed by slower diffusion kinetics, leading to a decrease in the effective concentration of molecules at the foam interface. The contact angle on glass and the PTFE surface are in good agreement with assumptions made by other analytical techniques showing a lower value of the contact angle with a lower HLB of the Pluronic, which relates to the higher adsorption of molecules at the interface. It is concluded that the adsorption of molecules at the PTFE-water interface decreases in aqueous Pluronic solutions with corresponding increases in the hydrophilic lipophilic balance (HLB), which is consistent with foaming, water penetration in a packed powder of PTFE, the rate of sedimentation, and DST data. A PTFE dispersion containing P123 showed the maximum wettability and lowest sedimentation among the series of block copolymers introduced, which is attributed to faster diffusion kinetics and a higher PPO contribution fostering faster adsorption at the PTFE surface. The dynamic surface tension of aqueous Pluronic solutions seems to correlate well with the adsorption characteristics at the air-water and PTFE-water interfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13725-13733
Number of pages9
JournalLangmuir
Volume31
Issue number51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2015

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