In vitro cytosol binding, receptor autoradiography with radiolabelled corticosteroid analogs, and immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibodies have revealed the presence of two receptor systems for corticosteroids in rat and hamster brains. The type I receptor is found mainly in the hippocampal region, and in the hamster it binds cortisol (F) and corticosterone (B) with similar affinity while in the rat (a species which unlike the hamster secretes solely B) the type I receptor shows high affinity to B and not to F. The type II receptor is more widely distributed in the brain and it binds to F (hamster) or B (rat) with affinity 4-6-fold lower than to the type I. in vivo, the hamster type I and II retain F much more than B while those in the rat show the opposite. In conclusion, the present study clearly indicates species-specificity in type I and type II receptor systems in these animals. Furthermore, the type I receptor displays in vivo stringent preference for retention of the animal's predominantly circulating corticosteroid (F in hamster, in B in rat).
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
- Rats, Inbred Strains
- Receptors, Glucocorticoid
- Species Specificity