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Abstract
For a locally compact second countable group G and a lattice subgroup Γ, we give an explicit quantitative solution of the lattice point counting problem in general domains in G, provided that
(i) G has finite upper local dimension, and the domains satisfy a basic regularity condition,
(ii) the mean ergodic theorem for the action of G on G/Γ holds, with a rate of convergence.
The error term we establish matches the best current result for balls in symmetric spaces of simple higherrank Lie groups, but holds in much greater generality.
A significant advantage of the ergodic theoretic approach we use is that the solution to the lattice point counting problem is uniform over families of lattice subgroups provided they admit a uniform spectral gap. In particular, the uniformity property holds for families of finite index subgroups satisfying a quantitative variant of property τ.
We discuss a number of applications, including: counting lattice points in general domains in semisimple Salgebraic groups, counting rational points on group varieties with respect to a height function, and quantitative angular (or conical) equidistribution of lattice points in symmetric spaces and in affine symmetric varieties.
We note that the mean ergodic theorems which we establish are based on spectral methods, including the spectral transfer principle and the Kunze–Stein phenomenon. We formulate and prove appropriate analogues of both of these results in the setup of adele groups, and they constitute a necessary ingredient in our proof of quantitative results for counting rational points.
Translated title of the contribution  Counting lattice points 

Original language  English 
Pages (fromto)  127176 
Number of pages  49 
Journal  Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik 
Volume  2012 
Issue number  663 
Early online date  17 Jun 2011 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  2012 
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 1 Finished

Dynamics of large Group Actions, Rigidity and Diophantine Geometry
Gorodnik, A.
1/02/10 → 1/02/13
Project: Research