Covid-19 Through Brazilian Courts: The Deserving and the Undeserving Vulnerable

Luciano Bottini Filho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


Looking into these times of neoconservatism in Brazil, marked by a far-right agenda and populism, this Article explores the role of vulnerability (as a legal theory, a legal principle or factual consideration) in the litigation prompted by the pandemic in Brazil. The usages of vulnerability as a form of resistance to the denial of their identity and vulnerable condition show that vulnerability can take different forms through litigants and may have an independent meaning to what is defined in legal theory or law. This is most evident by the fact that litigants dispute government policies based on ideologies that contest their identities (and not merely their vulnerability). Four case studies substantiate this Article with lawsuits brought to higher courts by judicially active groups: prisoners, indigenous people, Afro-Brazilian ethnic communities and gig economy drivers. They are what I call “undeserving vulnerables”, groups discriminated from a legally recognized vulnerable group through attacks to their identity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1098 - 1114
Number of pages17
JournalGerman Law Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the German Law Journal.

Structured keywords

  • Covid19


  • Covid-19
  • right to health
  • vulnerability theory
  • litigation
  • Brazil


Dive into the research topics of 'Covid-19 Through Brazilian Courts: The Deserving and the Undeserving Vulnerable'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this