CPCIe: A Compression-enabled PCIe Core for Energy and Performance Optimization

Mohd Amiruddin Bin Zainol, Jose L Nunez-Yanez

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Abstract

PCIe is a hardware interface used in highperforming applications to move data from a central host and memory system to an accelerator such as a GPU or FPGA. In many memory bound applications, PCIe represents a bottleneck which limits the possible acceleration. In this paper, an opensource PCIe core is extended with a transparent layer of hardware compression/decompression with low latency and high throughput. The compressor/decompressor hardware operates on data values that match the width of the hardware interface and can be scaled up to higher parallelism. The results show an energy reduction of up to 84% in the PCIe transfers and up to 20% in the whole processing chain, thanks to the reduction in the number of bits that need to be moved over the power hungry wires that connect the main memory system to the accelerator in both directions. The overhead in terms of latency is maintained to a minimum and user selectable depending on the tolerances of the intended application.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference (NORCAS 2016)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a meeting held 1-2 December 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages127-132
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509010950
ISBN (Print)9781509010967
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017
Event2nd IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference, NORCAS 2016 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 1 Nov 20162 Nov 2016

Conference

Conference2nd IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference, NORCAS 2016
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period1/11/162/11/16

Keywords

  • PCIe
  • FPGA
  • data compression
  • energy efficiency

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    Bin Zainol, M. A., & Nunez-Yanez, J. L. (2017). CPCIe: A Compression-enabled PCIe Core for Energy and Performance Optimization. In 2016 IEEE Nordic Circuits and Systems Conference (NORCAS 2016): Proceedings of a meeting held 1-2 December 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark (pp. 127-132). [7792892] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/NORCHIP.2016.7792892