Creating the next generation of evidence-based veterinary practitioners and researchers: What are the options for globally diverse veterinary curricula?

Heidi Janicke, Melissa Johnson, Sarah Baillie, Sheena Warman, Diana Stone, Suzanne Paparo, Nitish C Debnath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Veterinary educators strive to prepare graduates for a variety of career options with the skills and knowledge to utilize, and contribute to, research as part of their lifelong practice of evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM). In the veterinary curriculum, students should receive a grounding in research and EBVM, as well as have the opportunity to consider research as a career. The lack of a cohesive body of information that identified the options and the challenges inherent to embedding such training in veterinary curricula led to the formation of an international group with the goal to synthesize evidence to help curriculum designers, course leaders and teachers implement educational approaches that will help inspire future researchers and create evidence-based practitioners. A literature review of the rationale, issues and options for research and EBVM in veterinary curricula was performed. Additionally, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 11 key stakeholders across the eight Council for International Veterinary Medical Education (CIVME) regions. Emergent themes from the literature and interviews included societal need, career development and skills important for clinical professional life as reasons for including research and EBVM skills into the curriculum. Approaches included compulsory as well as optional learning opportunities. Barriers to incorporating these skills into the curriculum were grouped into student and faculty/staff related issues, including time in the curriculum and financial barriers. Having motivated faculty and contextualizing the teaching were considered important to engage students. The information has been summarized in an online ‘toolbox’ and is freely available for educators to inform curriculum development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-658
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Education
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • curriculum
  • research
  • research projects
  • evidence-based veterinary medicine
  • veterinary education
  • CIVME
  • international

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