Cross-modal impacts of anthropogenic noise on information use

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Anthropogenic (man-made) noise is a global pollutant, and there is rapidly accumulating evidence of impacts on a range of animal taxa. While many studies have considered how additional noise may affect information provision and use, they have focused on the masking and consequent alteration of acoustic signals and cues; so-called unimodal effects. Using field-based experimental trials on habituated wild dwarf mongooses (Helogale parvula), we combine sound playbacks and faecal presentations to demonstrate that anthropogenic noise can disrupt responses to information from different sensory modalities. The adaptive, stronger response exhibited towards predator faeces compared to control faeces in ambient-noise conditions was detrimentally affected by road-noise playback. Specifically, having taken longer to detect the faeces, the mongooses interacted less with the predator cue, did not show increased vigilance following its detection, and spent less time in the safe vicinity of a burrow refuge, thus suffering a potentially increased predation risk. Our results are the first to show that anthropogenic noise could alter responses to olfactory cues, strongly indicating the possibility of cross-modal impacts of noise pollution on information use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R911-R912
Number of pages2
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume26
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2016

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