Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations of Categories of Physical Activities with Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being in Taiwanese Older Adults

Po-Wen Ku, Kenneth R. Fox, Chun-Yi Chang, Wen-Jung Sun, Li-Jung Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    Physical activity takes place in different social contexts such as leisure, home, and work. However, the differential associations of these distinct categories of activity with aspects of well-being have rarely been investigated. This study was designed to estimate independent associations of (a) leisure-time, (b) domestic and (c) work-related physical activities with subjective well-being in older adults. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2009 with 2,295 community-dwelling older adults aged 65 or older in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Among them, 307 participants were selected for a 3-year follow-up study in 2012. The results based on cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses demonstrated that leisure-time physical activity, after multivariate adjustment, was positively associated with five dimensions of well-being, including 'physical', 'psychological', 'independence', 'learning and growth', and 'social' well-being. Household physical activity was positively associated only with 'social' well-being. Occupational physical activity was not related to any dimension of well-being. The study suggests that associations between physical activity and dimensions of subjective well-being during later life are dependent on the social context in which the activity takes place. This study indicates that physical activity taken as leisure has greatest potential to enhance the quality of life of older adults.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)705-718
    Number of pages14
    JournalSocial Indicators Research
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014


    • Exercise
    • Aging
    • Quality of life
    • Life satisfaction
    • LIFE
    • WORK

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