Crustacean Larvae-Vision in the Plankton

Thomas W Cronin, Michael J Bok, Chan Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

251 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We review the visual systems of crustacean larvae, concentrating on the compound eyes of decapod and stomatopod larvae as well as the functional and behavioral aspects of their vision. Larval compound eyes of these macrurans are all built on fundamentally the same optical plan, the transparent apposition eye, which is eminently suitable for modification into the abundantly diverse optical systems of the adults. Many of these eyes contain a layer of reflective structures overlying the retina that produces a counterilluminating eyeshine, so they are unique in being camouflaged both by their transparency and by their reflection of light spectrally similar to background light to conceal the opaque retina. Besides the pair of compound eyes, at least some crustacean larvae have a non-imaging photoreceptor system based on a naupliar eye and possibly other frontal eyes. Larval compound-eye photoreceptors send axons to a large and well-developed optic lobe consisting of a series of neuropils that are similar to those of adult crustaceans and insects, implying sophisticated analysis of visual stimuli. The visual system fosters a number of advanced and flexible behaviors that permit crustacean larvae to survive extended periods in the plankton and allows them to reach acceptable adult habitats, within which to metamorphose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1150
Number of pages12
JournalIntegrative and Comparative Biology
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Crustacean Larvae-Vision in the Plankton'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this