Culture moderates the relationship between interdependence and face recognition

Andy Ng, Jennifer Steele, Joni Sasaki, Yumiko Sakamoto, Amanda Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
300 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Recent theory suggests that face recognition accuracy is affected by people's motivations, with people being particularly motivated to remember ingroup versus outgroup faces. In the current research we suggest that those higher in interdependence should have a greater motivation to remember ingroup faces, but this should depend on how ingroups are defined. To examine this possibility, we used a joint individual difference and cultural approach to test (a) whether individual differences in interdependence would predict face recognition accuracy, and (b) whether this effect would be moderated by culture. In Study 1 European Canadians higher in interdependence demonstrated greater recognition for same-race (White), but not cross-race (East Asian) faces. In Study 2 we found that culture moderated this effect. Interdependence again predicted greater recognition for same-race (White), but not cross-race (East Asian) faces among European Canadians; however, interdependence predicted worse recognition for both same-race (East Asian) and cross-race (White) faces among first-generation East Asians. The results provide insight into the role of motivation in face perception as well as cultural differences in the conception of ingroups.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1620
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • individual differences
  • cross-cultural differences
  • face recognition
  • interdependent self-construal
  • East Asian

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