Design: A group randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Intervention Australian-rules football teams were randomly assigned to the test group (MG, custom-made mouthguards) or control group (usual mouthguard behaviour). Outcome measure: The number of head or orofacial (H/O) injuries per 1000 person–hours of playing was recorded. Results: Twenty-three Australian rules football teams were recruited of which 11 were randomized to the control group (n=111) and 12 to the test group (n=190). The majority of players, including those in the control group, wore mouthguards during games; fewer wore them every training session. Overall rate of H/O injuries was 2.7 per 1000 exposure–h, and was higher during games than training. When data were adjusted for division of play and age group there was evidence of a significant (P=0.04) protective effect of MG over control during games and training combined. The adjusted H/O injury incidence rate ratio was 0.56. Conclusions: Custom-made mouthguards provided a significant protective effect relative to usual mouthguard use during games.
|Translated title of the contribution||Custom-made mouthguards protect football players. Do custom-made mouthguards really prevent injuries?|
|Pages (from-to)||346 - 346|
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Australian Dental Journal|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2006|