The causal agent of sino-nasal aspergillosis is usually Aspergillus fumigatus, which is a saprophytic and ubiquitous fungus that causes a severe rhinosinusitis in apparent healthy dogs. Affected dogs do not have systemic immuno-suppression. It has been shown previously that dogs affected by this disease have local over-expression of interleukin (IL)-10 and Th1 cytokines in nasal mucosal tissue.
The aim of the present study was to assess the response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from affected and unaffected dogs to antigen-specific stimulation with heat-inactivated Aspergillus spp. conidia, by quantifying gene expression for specific Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg cytokines and their related transcription factors. Quantification of IL-4 and IFN-gamma protein in culture supernatant was performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
PBMC from dogs with SNA produced adequate mRNA encoding IFN-gamma and IFN-gamma protein. The expression of IL-17A mRNA was significantly greater in PBMC of affected compared with unaffected dogs. The amount of IL-10 mRNA in PBMC from affected dogs decreased after antigen-specific challenge.
These results suggest that the incapacity of affected dogs to clear these fungal infections is not related to a defect in Th1 immunity or to an overwhelming regulatory reaction, but rather to an uncontrolled pro-inflammatory reaction driven by Th17 cells. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Nasal mucosa
- Aspergillus fumigatus
- Peripheral blood mononuclear cells
- Immune response
- INVASIVE PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS
- MESSENGER-RNA EXPRESSION
- TRYPTOPHAN CATABOLISM
- NASAL ASPERGILLOSIS
- REPEATED EXPOSURE
- CANINE NASAL