Damping Reduction Factors for Crustal, Inslab, and Interface Earthquakes Characterizing Seismic Hazard in Southwestern British Columbia, Canada

Poulad Daneshvar, Najib Bouaanani, Katsu Goda, Gail M. Atkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
425 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

High-damping displacement spectra and corresponding damping reduction factors (η) are important ingredients in seismic design and analysis of structures equipped with seismic protection systems, as well as in displacement-based design methodologies. In this study, we investigated η factors for three types of earthquake characterizing seismic hazard in southwestern British Columbia, Canada: shallow crustal, deep inslab, and interface subduction. We used a large and comprehensive database including records from recent relevant earthquakes, such as the 2011 Tohoku event. Our key observations were as follows: (1) there is negligible dependence of η on soil class; (2) there is significant dependence of η on the frequency content and duration of ground motions that characterize the different record types, and (3) η is dependent on period, particularly for inslab events. Period-dependent equations were proposed to predict η for damping ratios between 5% and 30% corresponding to the three event types.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-74
Number of pages30
JournalEarthquake Spectra
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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