Projects per year
Cardiometabolic disease risk begins in early life and tracks through the life course. As described in “Sex-specific trajectories of measures of cardiovascular health during childhood and adolescence: a prospective cohort study” (O’Keeffe et al., 2018), we modelled sex-specific change in 11 key measures of cardiovascular health from birth/early childhood to age 18 years in a British Birth Cohort Study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). In this article, we describe the data used in these analyses. Risk factors measured included BMI, fat and lean mass, blood pressure and blood-based biomarkers. Data are from several sources including cord blood at birth, clinic assessments, routine health records, questionnaires and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Outcomes were measured over varying time spans from birth or mid-childhood to age 18 and with different numbers of repeated measures per outcome. Analyses were performed using fractional polynomial and linear spline multilevel models. Further information can be found in O’Keeffe et al. (2018).