Deep-sea anthropogenic macrodebris harbours rich and diverse communities of bacteria and archaea

Lucy C. Woodall, Anna Jungblut, Kevin Hopkins, Andy Hall, Laura Robinson, Claire Gwinnett, Gordon L J Paterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
245 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The deep sea is the largest biome on earth, and microbes dominate in biomass and abundance. Anthropogenic litter is now almost ubiquitous in this biome, and its deposition creates new habitats and environments, including for microbial assemblages. With the ever increasing accumulation of this debris, it is timely to identify and describe the bacterial and archaeal communities that are able to form biofilms on macrodebris in the deep sea. Using 16S rRNA gene high throughput sequencing, we show for the first time the composition of bacteria and archaea on macrodebris collected from the deep sea. Our data suggest differences in the microbial assemblage composition across litter of different materials including metal, rubber, glass, fabric and plastic. These results imply that anthropogenic macrodebris provide diverse habitats for bacterial and archaeal biofilms and each may harbour distinct microbial communities.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0206220
Number of pages11
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2018

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