Defective hierarchical porous copper-based metal-organic frameworks synthesised via facile acid etching strategy

Huan Doan, Asel Sartbaeva, Jean-Charles Eloi, Sean Davis, V. P. Ting*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

1 Citation (Scopus)
107 Downloads (Pure)


Introducing hierarchical pore structure to microporous materials such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can be beneficial for reactions where the rate of reaction is limited by low rates of diffusion or high pressure drop. This advantageous pore structure can be obtained by defect formation, mostly via post-synthetic acid etching, which has been studied extensively on water-stable MOFs. Here we show that a water-unstable HKUST-1 MOF can also be modified in a corresponding manner by using phosphoric acid as a size-selective etching agent and a mixture of dimethyl sulfoxide and methanol as a dilute solvent. Interestingly, we demonstrate that the etching process which is time- and acidity- dependent, can result in formation of defective HKUST-1 with extra interconnected hexagonal macropores without compromising on the bulk crystallinity. These findings suggest an intelligent scalable synthetic method for formation of hierarchical porosity in MOFs that are prone to hydrolysis, for improved molecular accessibility and diffusion for catalysis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10887
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2019

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  • Student Theses

    Synthesis, Characterisation and Applications of Novel Hierarchical Porous Materials

    Author: Doan, H. V., 1 Oct 2019

    Supervisor: Davis, S. (Supervisor) & Ting, V. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)



    Inspirational Bristol Scientist

    Doan, Huan V (Recipient), 9 Oct 2019

    Prize: Prizes, Medals, Awards and Grants

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