Defining CD8+ T cell determinants during human viral infection in populations of Asian ethnicity

Laura Rivino, Anthony T Tan, Adeline Chia, Emmanuelle A P Kumaran, Gijsbert M Grotenbreg, Paul A MacAry, Antonio Bertoletti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

The identification of virus-specific CD8(+) T cell determinants is a fundamental requirement for our understanding of viral disease pathogenesis. T cell epitope mapping strategies increasingly rely on algorithms that predict the binding of peptides to MHC molecules. There is, however, little information on the reliability of predictive algorithms in the context of human populations, in particular, for those expressing HLA class I molecules for which there are limited experimental data available. In this study, we evaluate the ability of NetMHCpan to predict antiviral CD8(+) T cell epitopes that we identified with a traditional approach in patients of Asian ethnicity infected with Dengue virus, hepatitis B virus, or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. We experimentally demonstrate that the predictive power of algorithms defining peptide-MHC interaction directly correlates with the amount of training data on which the predictive algorithm has been constructed. These results highlight the limited applicability of the NetMHCpan algorithm for populations expressing HLA molecules for which there are little or no experimental binding data, such as those of Asian ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4010-9
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume191
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Algorithms
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology
  • Coronavirus/immunology
  • Dengue/immunology
  • Dengue Virus/immunology
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/immunology
  • HLA-A11 Antigen/immunology
  • HLA-A24 Antigen/immunology
  • Hepatitis B/immunology
  • Hepatitis B virus/immunology
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/immunology
  • Humans
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/immunology
  • Singapore

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  • Cite this

    Rivino, L., Tan, A. T., Chia, A., Kumaran, E. A. P., Grotenbreg, G. M., MacAry, P. A., & Bertoletti, A. (2013). Defining CD8+ T cell determinants during human viral infection in populations of Asian ethnicity. Journal of Immunology, 191(8), 4010-9. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1301507