Delamination prediction on CFRP materials subjected to a lightning strike

Timothy M. Harrell, Ole Thybo Thomsen, Janice M Barton, Lisa Carloni

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This paper presents a coupled thermal-electric-mechanical model to predict the delamination damage of a Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) material when subjected to a lightning strike. A Finite Element Model (FEM) is used to predict the heat response of the CFRP material by solving the Joule heating governing equations. The results of the heat response are coupled with thermal stresses to predicte interlaminar stresses. A bilinear traction law is used to predict the delamination of the laminate. Solutions to the model are developed using a time dependent simulation with the 10/350?s standard waveform to mimic a typical lightning strike on a wind turbine blade in accordance to IEC61400 section 24 Ed 1.0. The time dependent model implements damage criteria and is able to identify damaged elements. The COMSOL software engine was used to derive the results from the thermal-electrical-mechanical model. The final result is a delamination map of the CFRP panel subjected to a lightning discharge.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2018
Event18th European Conference on Composite Materials - ECCM18 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 24 Jun 201828 Jun 2018


Conference18th European Conference on Composite Materials - ECCM18


  • Lightning Damage
  • wind turbine blades
  • Joule heating
  • Delamination
  • Multiphysics modeling


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