Delone sets generated by square roots

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Delone sets are locally finite point sets, such that (a) any two points are separated by a given minimum distance, and (b) there is a given radius so that every ball of that radius contains at least one point. Important examples include the vertex set of Penrose tilings and other regular model sets, which serve as a mathematical model for quasicrystals. In this note, we show that the point set given by the values n−−√ e2πiαn√ with n=1,2,3,… is a Delone set in the complex plane, for any α>0. This complements Akiyama’s recent observation (see Spiral Delone sets and three distance theorem (2020), Nonlinearilty, 33(5): 2533–2540) that n−−√ e2πiαn with n=1,2,3,… forms a Delone set, if and only if α is badly approximated by rationals. A key difference is that our setting does not require Diophantine conditions on α.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-840
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Mathematical Monthly
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2020


  • MSC: Primary 11K06
  • Secondary 52C15


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