Density functional theory embedding for correlated wavefunctions: Improved methods for open-shell systems and transition metal complexes

Jason D. Goodpaster*, Taylor A. Barnes, Frederick R. Manby, Thomas F. Miller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Density functional theory (DFT) embedding provides a formally exact framework for interfacing correlated wave-function theory (WFT) methods with lower-level descriptions of electronic structure. Here, we report techniques to improve the accuracy and stability of WFT-in-DFT embedding calculations. In particular, we develop spin-dependent embedding potentials in both restricted and unrestricted orbital formulations to enable WFT-in-DFT embedding for open-shell systems, and develop an orbital-occupation-freezing technique to improve the convergence of optimized effective potential calculations that arise in the evaluation of the embedding potential. The new techniques are demonstrated in applications to the van-der-Waals-bound ethylene-propylene dimer and to the hexaaquairon( II) transition-metal cation. Calculation of the dissociation curve for the ethylene-propylene dimer reveals that WFT-in-DFT embedding reproduces full CCSD(T) energies to within 0.1 kcal/mol at all distances, eliminating errors in the dispersion interactions due to conventional exchange-correlation (XC) functionals while simultaneously avoiding errors due to subsystem partitioning across covalent bonds. Application of WFT-in-DFT embedding to the calculation of the low-spin/high-spin splitting energy in the hexaaquairon(II) cation reveals that the majority of the dependence on the DFT XC functional can be eliminated by treating only the single transitionmetal atom at the WFT level; furthermore, these calculations demonstrate the substantial effects of open-shell contributions to the embedding potential, and they suggest that restricted open-shell WFT-in-DFT embedding provides better accuracy than unrestricted open-shell WFT-in-DFT embedding due to the removal of spin contamination. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4770226]

Original languageEnglish
Article number224113
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume137
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2012

Keywords

  • STATES
  • SIMULATIONS
  • MECHANICAL METHODS
  • CORRELATION ENERGIES
  • GENERALIZED GRADIENT APPROXIMATION
  • SPIN
  • ELECTRON-DENSITIES
  • AB-INITIO
  • EXCHANGE-CORRELATION POTENTIALS
  • MOLECULAR-ORBITAL METHOD

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