Dentine hypersensitivity

Nicola X West, Joon Seong, Maria Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dentine hypersensitivity is a common oral pain condition affecting many individuals. The aetiology is multifactorial; however, over recent years the importance of erosion has become more evident. For dentine hypersensitivity to occur, the lesion must first be localised on the tooth surface and then initiated to exposed dentine tubules which are patent to the pulp. The short, sharp pain symptom is thought to be derived from the hydrodynamic pain theory and, although transient, is arresting, affecting quality of life. This episodic pain condition is likely to become a more frequent dental complaint in the future due to the increase in longevity of the dentition and the rise in tooth wear, particularly amongst young adults. Many efficacious treatment regimens are now available, in particular a number of over-the-counter home use products. The basic principles of treatment are altering fluid flow in the dentinal tubules with tubule occlusion or modifying or chemically blocking the pulpal nerve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-22
Number of pages15
JournalMonographs in oral science
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Dental Pulp
  • Dentin
  • Dentin Desensitizing Agents
  • Dentin Sensitivity
  • Dentinal Fluid
  • Humans
  • Rheology
  • Tooth Erosion

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