In this paper, we present a novel method for line artefacts quantification in lung ultrasound (LUS) images of COVID-19 patients. We formulate this as a non-convex regularisation problem involving a sparsity-enforcing, Cauchy-based penalty function, and the inverse Radon transform. We employ a simple local maxima detection technique in the Radon transform domain, associated with known clinical definitions of line artefacts. Despite being non-convex, the proposed technique is guaranteed to convergence through our proposed Cauchy proximal splitting (CPS) method and accurately identifies both horizontal and vertical line artefacts in LUS images. In order to reduce the number of false and missed detection, our method includes a two-stage validation mechanism, which is performed in both Radon and image domains. We evaluate the performance of the proposed method in comparison to the current state-of-the-art B-line identification method and show a considerable performance gain with 87% correctly detected B-lines in LUS images of nine COVID-19 patients. In addition, owing to its fast convergence, our proposed method is readily applicable for processing LUS image sequences.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control|
|Early online date||12 Aug 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Aug 2020|
Bibliographical noteProvisional acceptance date added, based on publication information.
- Lung Ultrasound
- Line Artefacts
- Radon Transform
- Cauchy-based penalty
Karakuş, O., Anantrasirichai, N., Aguersif, A., Silva, S., Basarab, A., & Achim, A. (2020). Detection of Line Artefacts in Lung Ultrasound Images of COVID-19 Patients via Non-Convex Regularization. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. https://doi.org/10.1109/TUFFC.2020.3016092