BACKGROUND: Identification of individuals with high fracture risk from within primary care is complex. It is likely that the true contribution of falls to fracture risk is underestimated. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort of 3,200 post-menopausal women aged 73 ± 4 years. Self-reported data were collected on fracture, osteoporosis clinical risk factors and falls/mobility risk factors. Self-reported falls were compared with recorded falls on GP computerised records. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors for fracture. RESULTS: A total of 838 (26.2%) reported a fracture after aged 50; 441 reported falling more than once per year, but 69% of these had no mention of falls on their computerised GP records. Only age [odds ratios (OR): 1.37 per 5 year increase, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23-1.53], height (1.02 per cm increase, 95% CI: 1.01-1.04), weight (OR: 0.99 per kg increase, 95% CI: 0.98-0.99) and falls (OR: 1.49 for more than once per year compared with less, 95% CI: 1.13-1.94) were independent risk factors for fracture. Falls had the strongest association. CONCLUSION: When identifying individuals with high fracture risk we estimate that more than one fall per year is at least twice as important as height and weight. Furthermore, using self-reported falls data is essential as computerised GP records underestimate falls prevalence.
|Translated title of the contribution||Determinants of fracture risk in a UK-population-based cohort of older women: a cross-sectional analysis of the Cohort for Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon (COSHIBA)|
|Pages (from-to)||46 - 52|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Age and Ageing|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2012|