Developing a framework for responsible innovation

Jack Stilgoe, Richard Owen, Phil Macnaghten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

893 Citations (Scopus)
486 Downloads (Pure)


The governance of emerging science and innovation is a major challenge for contemporary democracies. In this paper we present a framework for understanding and supporting efforts aimed at ‘responsible innovation’. The framework was developed in part through work with one of the first major research projects in the controversial area of geoengineering, funded by the UK Research Councils. We describe this case study, and how this became a location to articulate and explore four integrated dimensions of responsible innovation: anticipation, reflexivity, inclusion and responsiveness. Although the framework for responsible innovation was designed for use by the UK Research Councils and the scientific communities they support, we argue that it has more general application and relevance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1568-1580
Number of pages13
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number9
Early online date13 Jun 2013
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013


  • Responsible
  • innovation
  • Governance
  • Emerging technologies
  • Ethics
  • Geoengineering

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