Development and evaluation of the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parent Study Physical Activity Questionnaire (APCAPS-PAQ): a cross-sectional study

Mika Matsuzaki, Ruth Sullivan, Ulf Ekelund, K V Radha Krishna, Bharati Kulkarni, Tim Collier, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Sanjay Kinra, Hannah Kuper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
236 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is limited availability of context-specific physical activity questionnaires in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to develop and examine the validity of a new Indian physical activity questionnaire, the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parent Study Physical Activity Questionnaire (APCAPS-PAQ).

METHODS: The current study was conducted with the cohort from the Hyderabad DXA Study (n = 2321), recruited in 2009-2010. Criterion validity (n = 245) was examined by comparing the APCAPS-PAQ to a combined heart rate and motion sensor worn for 8 days. Construct validity (n = 2321) was assessed with linear regression, comparing APCAPS-PAQ against BMI, percent body fat, and pulse rate.

RESULTS: The APCAPS-PAQ criterion validity was variable depending on the PA intensity groups (ρ = 0.26, 0.07, 0.39; к = 0.14, 0.04, 0.16 for sedentary, light, moderate/vigorous physical activity (MVPA) respectively). Sedentary and light intensity activities from the questionnaire were underestimated when compared to the criterion data while MVPA in APCAPS-PAQ was overestimated. Higher time spent in sedentary activity in APCAPS-PAQ was associated with higher BMI and percent body fat, suggesting construct validity.

CONCLUSIONS: The APCAPS-PAQ validity is comparable to other physical activity questionnaires. This tool is able to assess sedentary behavior, moderate/vigorous activity and physical activity energy expenditure on a group level with reasonable validity. This new questionnaire may be used for ranking individuals according to their sedentary time and physical activity in southern India.

Original languageEnglish
Article number48
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Health behavior
  • Physical activity
  • Developing countries
  • Survey methods

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