Development of a chimeric Zika vaccine using a licensed live-attenuated flavivirus vaccine as backbone

Xiao Feng Li, Hao Long Dong, Hong Jiang Wang, Xing Yao Huang, Ye Feng Qiu, Xue Ji, Qing Ye, Chunfeng Li, Yang Liu, Yong Qiang Deng, Tao Jiang, Gong Cheng, Fu Chun Zhang, Andrew D. Davidson, Ya Jun Song, Pei Yong Shi, Cheng Feng Qin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

41 Citations (Scopus)
378 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The global spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) and its unexpected association with congenital defects necessitates the rapid development of a safe and effective vaccine. Here we report the development and characterization of a recombinant chimeric ZIKV vaccine candidate (termed ChinZIKV) that expresses the prM-E proteins of ZIKV using the licensed Japanese encephalitis live-attenuated vaccine SA14-14-2 as the genetic backbone. ChinZIKV retains its replication activity and genetic stability in vitro, while exhibiting an attenuation phenotype in multiple animal models. Remarkably, immunization of mice and rhesus macaques with a single dose of ChinZIKV elicits robust and long-lasting immune responses, and confers complete protection against ZIKV challenge. Significantly, female mice immunized with ChinZIKV are protected against placental and fetal damage upon ZIKV challenge during pregnancy. Overall, our study provides an alternative vaccine platform in response to the ZIKV emergency, and the safety, immunogenicity, and protection profiles of ChinZIKV warrant further clinical development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number673
Number of pages11
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Live attenuated vaccines
  • Virology
  • Infection

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